Pyongyang warns of new nuclear test

Pyongyang warns of new nuclear test

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) has announced plans to carry out a new nuclear test. In its statement the National Defense Commission in Pyongyang made it clear that the test was “full-fledged confrontation” against the US. Pyongyang has also confirmed that it will continue to launch satellites and long-range rockets?

Pyongyang’s warning that it was preparing a new nuclear test became its response to expansion of the sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council introduces against North Korea.

The UN Security Council imposed sanctions against the DPRK in 2006 and 2009 as a response to Pyongyang’s nuclear tests. Those sanctions blocked the channels of financial aid to North Korean nuclear and military companies.

On Tuesday, January 22, the UN Security Council approved a resolution condemning a rocket launch by the DPRK and tightening sanctions. The resolution adds new individuals and the DPRK's space agency to lists of existing sanctions.

Pyongyang reacted to the new resolution by making a statement that it would build up its military potential and develop the nuclear program further.

Pyongyang also refused to take part in the six-party talks on liquidation of nuclear weapons on Korean peninsula. The talks which involve the US, Russia, China, Japan and two Koreas have been on for 10 years.

According toViacheslav Amirov , Senior Research Fellow and Executive Secretary at the Center for Asia-Pacific Studies, by acting tough Pyongyang is pursuing at least three goals.

"The first interior goal is to show determination and unity of the North Korean leadership. The second goal is to draw international attention. Pyongyang needs assistance from abroad but fails to get it. By acting tough Pyongyang would like to draw attention to itself. This is an old tactical move - trying to get assistance in exchange for giving up earlier announced plans. Besides that it is also a message to the new leadership of South Korea. The new South Korean president will take office in the end of February. Seoul is now holding debates on the prospects of the relations between two Koreas planning to introduce some changes into these relations. With its statements Pyongyang wanted to put psychological pressure on its neighbors, on the new leaders of South Korea."

Meanwhile the international community is against the expansion of the club of the countries that own nuclear weapons. Vladimir Yevseyev ,Director of the Russian Center for Socio-Political Studies, pointed at two aspects in Pyongyang’s decision to hold a new nuclear test.

"In military terms there is no need to hold the third nuclear test because as far as we know North Korea does not have a finished nuclear warhead. Only in this case such test would be grounded. Politically speaking carrying out a nuclear test is possible as a response to the pressure which is put on North Korea from outside, first of all by the US, Japan and South Korea."

Earlier Russia’s Foreign Ministry urged Pyongyang to give up nuclear weapons and all its missile nuclear programs, to re-join the treaty on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and to join the ComprehensiveNuclear - Test - Ban Treaty.